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Bloodborne Pathogens

13_bloodborneBloodborne pathogens are microorganisms that cause illness and disease in people. They are spread through contact with contaminated blood and body fluids. Contact your supervisor if you come across any blood or other body fluids. She will remove the fluid or get someone to remove it.

Steps to Protect Against Bloodborne Pathogens:


  • Know the possible contaminants. These include blood-on-blood via open wounds, saliva, urine, vomit, broken skin.
  • Never compact garbage with your hands.

  • Be alert for needles or other sharp objects.
  • Never pick up glass or other sharp objects with your bare hands.


  • ALWAYS wear personal protective equipment (PPE): gloves, eyewear, and apron, if necessary.
  • Thoroughly washing fluid if it comes in contact with you, and dispose of the contaminated towel.
  • Mark or block the spill area so others inadvertently enter the area until clean up is complete.


  • Use designated towel to pickup liquids.
  • Apply appropriate disinfectant; allow several minutes dwell time.
  • Place spent towel in a red biohazard waste bag.
  • Clean affected area again with disinfectant and new towel.
  • Dry area.


  • Place contaminated supplies in a plastic bag. Remove gloves before removing protective eyewear, and place gloves in bag.
  • Dispose of bag in designated area.
  • Thoroughly wash your hands with antibacterial soap.



Many diseases are caused by bloodborne pathogens. The most commonly spread diseases are Hepatitis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes AIDS.


Always keep the following on hand to clean up bloodborne pathogen spills:

  • Biohazard label bags
  • Disinfectant
  • Absorbing material
  • Small dust pan and hand brush 
  • Long latex gloves
  • Safety mask or goggles
  • Cardboard box
  • Roll of paper towels
  • Antiseptic wipes